What is Horizontal Directional Drilling

Horizontal Directional Drilling is the science of drilling a wellbore at a predetermined well trajectory, angle and horizontal direction so as to intersect a subsurface target. Although wellbores are usually drilled in a vertical direction, at times it is advantageous to drill them at an angle from the vertical direction. The well is drilled at […]

 
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What is Formation Gas?

Forming gas is a mixture of hydrogen (mole fraction varies) and nitrogen. It is sometimes called a “dissociated ammonia atmosphere” due to the reaction which generates it: 2 NH3 → 3 H2 + N2 It can also be manufactured by thermal cracking of ammonia, in an ammonia cracker or forming gas generator. Forming gas is used as an atmosphere for processes that need the properties of […]

 
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Exploration and production industry

Exploration and production industry (Upstream Oil and Gas) Upstream Oil and Gas is a sector of the oil and gas industry which deals with exploring hydrocarbon reserves, extracting and transporting them for further processing. In simple terms Upstream Oil and Gas is also referred to Exploration and Production (E&P) sector. The Exploration of reserves can […]

 
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What is Crude Oil

Crude Oil is a naturally occurring petroleum product found beneath the earth’s surface. Crude oil can be refined to produce usable products such as gasoline, diesel and various forms of petrochemicals. It is a nonrenewable resource, also known as a fossil fuel, which means that it can’t be replaced naturally at the rate we consume […]

 
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What is brent crude?

Brent Crude is a major trading classification of sweet light crude oil that serves as a major benchmark price for purchases of oil worldwide. This grade is described as light because of its relatively low density, and sweet because of its low sulfur content. Brent Crude is extracted from the North Sea and comprises Brent Blend, Forties Blend, Osebergand Ekofisk crudes (also known as the BFOE Quotation). The Brent […]

 
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Energy Sustainability

More than 85% of the world’s current energy needs are met through fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas. Demand for energy is projected to increase primarily in developing countries that are beginning to drive more cars and use more electricity. While there is enough fossil fuels supply for several more decades, what […]

 
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Energy Challenges

Why There Isn’t an Easy Solution   The epic challenge of the 21st century is filling the gap between energy supply and demand with clean, reliable and inexpensive energy. While new sources of energy are gradually changing the landscape, products made from fossil fuels continue to heat our homes, fuel our cars and power our […]

 
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Energy Technology

Energy Technology Advances in technology are the world’s best bet for meeting increasing energy demands while also protecting the environment. The energy industry is making great strides in how energy sources are extracted, created and used—always with the aim of using less to do more. As the world’s population grows and less developed parts of […]

 
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What is biofuels

Biofuels, including ethanol, are clean-burning, biodegradable and made from renewable resources. In addition to being used as fuel for transportation, biofuel can be converted to other useful forms of energy, including methane gas and heat. Ethanol is probably added to the gasoline you use in your car, so you may be more familiar with biofuel […]

 
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What is electricity

Electricity is the flow of electrical power or charge. It is a secondary energy source because it is converted from another (primary) source of energy, such as coal, natural gas, oil, nuclear or renewable sources. Electricity can be made from either renewable or non-renewable energy sources, but it is neither renewable nor non-renewable since it […]

 
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